Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Free Essays on Historic Roots Of Existentialism

Although the theories in existentialism were present before the 1990’s, existentialism was at its peak during the 20th century. Three major events of the 20th century explain the reason for existentialism’s popularity. Those three events were World War I, World War II and the Cold War. During the first World War, methods of warfare used were more devastating than any other previous war in European history. With the use of mustard gas, trenches, and the invention of the machine gun, more soldiers than ever were wounded and killed. The reason for these new types of warfare lay in technological advances made, through the use of math and science. Although the application of math and science were used in the creation of new weapons, the theory of rationality made it all possible. At the conclusion of the war, people Realized the toll the war took on lives. With that realization came the understanding that it was the largely accepted theory of rational thinking that created the weapons that destroyed many lives, as a result, people/ began to denounce the rational thought process. These people Turned to existentialism, which as one of its main universal themes, diminishes the importance of rationalism. Soren Kirkegaard and Nieztche both claimed that the! most important questions in life couldn’t be answered through science and reason. In addition, both argued that not even science is as rational as one is led to believe. Therefore, because of the violent nature of World War I, existentialism became more popular. World War II also boosted the popularity of existentialism. During the war anti-Semitism was at a high point, and both the Nazi’s and the allies used theories of existentialism to support their side. In addition, Heidegger’s work was also used to protest the Nazi’s persecution of minority groups throughout Europe. Heidegger proclaimed that first a human is born, without any pre-constructed personality or t... Free Essays on Historic Roots Of Existentialism Free Essays on Historic Roots Of Existentialism Although the theories in existentialism were present before the 1990’s, existentialism was at its peak during the 20th century. Three major events of the 20th century explain the reason for existentialism’s popularity. Those three events were World War I, World War II and the Cold War. During the first World War, methods of warfare used were more devastating than any other previous war in European history. With the use of mustard gas, trenches, and the invention of the machine gun, more soldiers than ever were wounded and killed. The reason for these new types of warfare lay in technological advances made, through the use of math and science. Although the application of math and science were used in the creation of new weapons, the theory of rationality made it all possible. At the conclusion of the war, people Realized the toll the war took on lives. With that realization came the understanding that it was the largely accepted theory of rational thinking that created the weapons that destroyed many lives, as a result, people/ began to denounce the rational thought process. These people Turned to existentialism, which as one of its main universal themes, diminishes the importance of rationalism. Soren Kirkegaard and Nieztche both claimed that the! most important questions in life couldn’t be answered through science and reason. In addition, both argued that not even science is as rational as one is led to believe. Therefore, because of the violent nature of World War I, existentialism became more popular. World War II also boosted the popularity of existentialism. During the war anti-Semitism was at a high point, and both the Nazi’s and the allies used theories of existentialism to support their side. In addition, Heidegger’s work was also used to protest the Nazi’s persecution of minority groups throughout Europe. Heidegger proclaimed that first a human is born, without any pre-constructed personality or t...

Sunday, March 1, 2020

W00T †Word Of The Year

W00T – Word Of The Year W00T Word Of The Year W00T Word Of The Year By Sharon Merriam Webster has published its 2007 word of the year, and the winner is w00t. Who would have thought that a word with numbers in it would make the cut? According to M-W, the word is an expression of joy (similar to yay). Its also used by gamers to signify: We owned the other team. Words containing numbers are common in the vernacular of computer hackers. Other words in the top ten include: facebook (meaning to post to facebook) conundrum (a riddle or difficult problem) quixotic (foolishly impractical, capricious or unpredictable) blamestorm (discussing in a group who is to blame for missing a deadline) sardoodledom (mechanically contrived plot or structure or unrealistic characterization) apathetic (spiritless or indifferent) Pecksniffian (unctuously hypocritical) hypocrite (someone who puts on a false appearance or acts contrary to his or her beliefs) charlatan (a quack or fraud) The word of the year competition has been running since 2003. Previous word lists can be found here. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:English Grammar 101: All You Need to KnowTelling a Good Poem from a Bad One40 Idioms with First

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Drones Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1

Drones - Assignment Example d will go down in history, along with the Spencer repeating rifle and jet power, as transformational and/or disruptive technologies for which there were no established laws that regulated their initial use.   And, while it’s unfortunate that innocents are killed in any conflict, the same risks exist with conventional weapons; and under warfare that is more conventional.   Transnational terrorism offers a new challenge that must be met with new tools: drones are that tool and a reasonable proportional response to what are often small groups of bad actors.   The idea of expecting local law enforcement, often in virtually lawless countries, to capture terrorist is also a non-starter.   The Obama administration has published common sense guidelines that govern the use of force in other countries and I find them practical.   The United States has the right to target terrorists using drone attacks, even if incidental loss of life will occur among the non targetable civilians; as long as the principles of proportionality, distinction and reasonable necessity are adhered to. When using the principles of proportionality and reasonable necessity, the government should take into consideration all the appropriate features of the context. These considerations entails; identification of the terrorist targets, understanding the significance of the target, analyzing the appropriateness of alternative target methods for combating terrorism, studying the proximity to non targetable civilians, and identifying if the civilians are being used as human shield by the terrorists either voluntarily or through coercion. Drone killings are lawful if they adhere to the laws of war and laws of self defense. This is because targeting the terrorists due to self defense is legal. Terrorist participate in ongoing armed attacks, therefore, they should be targeted by drone killings in whichever part of the world they operate in. Terrorists also participate in direct hostilities against the

Saturday, February 1, 2020

Justification and the Righteousness of God Research Paper

Justification and the Righteousness of God - Research Paper Example According to Paul, there is no reason of committing evil, since all men have knowledge of God2. According to Romans 1: 18-32, God hates the evil thinking and wrongdoing of men and desires for the goods of others, envy, false statements, and evil talk3. The contemporary Evangelical church has adequately maintained the relationship between the justification by faith and wrath of God concepts. Paul teaches that justification is available to all through the righteousness of God4. Historical background of justification in faith According to Genesis, Abraham believed in God and was justified by his faith. Abraham did not deserve the justification through his excellent work. Abraham acts as an example for modern evangelical church that justification should be based on faith and wrongdoers experience the wrath of God5. According to the Biblical teachings in modern evangelical churches, blessed is the man whom God does not reckon sin6. Unlike the early doctrine, where people would confess and receive forgiveness from a priest by the sacrament of penance, contemporary evangelical justification in faith requires that sinners should confess their sins and believe in Jesus Christ alone. According to early Roman Catholic theology, individuals could not merit initial grace of God that leads to salvation. In Roman Catholic Church, saints temporarily freed a person of his sins through indulgence process7. The pope would declare unusual indulgence for the sole purpose of collecting funds to build St Peter’s Basilica in Rome, so poor souls remained in the dark as regards the true grace of God8. Early Reformers Contemporary evangelical justification in faith stems from Luther’s accusations of 1517; he believed that salvation resulted from faith in God through prayers and God’s grace through Jesus Christ. According to reformers, God punishes the unrighteous and justifies the sinners, but does not take away the guilt from the sinners. According to Calvin, Jesus Christ has cleansed all faults of individuals, since he accepted to be shamed in order to cloth people with purity. Reformers asserted that justification is through faith in Jesus Christ and not only through accepting the gospel but also through personal reliance on Jesus Christ9. Early British reformers like Bishop Latimer claimed that truth of justification is in trusting Christ as personal savior. Archbishop Crammer, who died a martyr, stressed that admirable work is not the way to justification, since justification only comes through the mercy of God and freely to all individuals10. During the 16th and 17th centuries, numerous evangelical confessions appeared, such as the Augsburg Confession of 1530 approved by Luther, where individuals confessed that forgiveness of sins is obtained from God by grace through Christ, who suffered so that they may attain eternal life. Article 91 of the Church of England clearly expressed that justification is not obtainable by the excellent work o f men but through faith in God through Jesus Christ. Swiss reformed cities also believed in justification through faith in 1566, while Westminster Confession of 1649 contained justification on the basis of faith and not admirable work11. According to evangelical justification in faith, the Ancient Roman Catholic church had kept the people in dark by providing religious institutions that label people as just Christians.

Friday, January 24, 2020

To Make A Difference Essay example -- Philosophy Education Teaching Es

To Make A Difference We build our lives upon what we have been taught. From basic skills in reading, writing, and arithmetic to the importance of social interaction, teachers are given the opportunity to make a difference in the lives of their students. I feel that the greatest impact a teacher can have on their students is to fill them with a desire to learn. I think the nature of students can vary tremendously depending on several different factors. The first is the cognitive domain of the students. This includes how students organize and retain the knowledge that is presented to them as well as their preferred learning style. A successful teacher should be aware of these factors and their curriculum should reflect this by using different teaching methods. This is to ensure each student is given the opportunity to absorb as much knowledge as they can. The next factor affecting the nature of students are their attitudes, or affective domain. This includes the curiosity of the students, as well as their ability to tolerate and overcome frustration. Teachers can help stimulate curiosity in students by focusing on the individual needs of the child, as well as their interests and abilities. I feel that if the classroom’s curriculum takes these factors into consideration it will provoke not only curiosity in the students, but also a thirst for knowledge. The last factor I believe affects the nature of students is their physiology. If a child is hungry and tired, they will be less likely or eager to learn as a well-nourished and rested child. I feel that teachers should consider all of the factors I mentioned in order to increase the chances of each child reaching their full potential. I think the nature of ... ... them on a daily basis while encouraging them to attempt new things. I am looking forward to all of the experiences that my career as a teacher will embrace. I am looking forward to watching the children grow as individuals and deciding on what path they will choose for their life. I will also yearn for the feeling of inspiration when a child that has been struggling to grasp a concept, and then understands for the first time. I realize teaching will also have its disappointments, but in my eyes the rewards it encompasses will outweigh them. I can’t imagine another career where you could make a more important impact on someone’s life. To me, education is the most valuable possession we have. As the students I teach go throughout life, I hope they find the knowledge I have taught them valuable. Even if it is something minute, I will know I have not failed.

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Terrorism: An Illegal Undertaking

THESIS STATEMENT:How do terrorists able to fight governments while having no own operation bases and escape taxable economic entities? Terrorism are applied time and again as affairs of state tags of the morally wrong, haphazard, or intolerable practice of aggression or hazard of ferocity by particular perpetrators as for their specific purposes. Social change is their ultimate goal and this collective revolution is aspired so appallingly that terrorists may execute vastly unswerving crimes, especially for spiritual principles, that they may prefer their own death or the deaths of innocent civilians to attain their objective. Those regarded as terrorists hardly ever distinguish themselves as such, and normally make use of other general names or terms particular to their situation (Hans, 2002).The focal predicament with terrorism is that terrorists do not admit that they are terrorists and asserts that the governments are the terrorists. Despite the fact that an autonomous state adopt ing social freedom may maintain an implication of privileged ethical position than other administration systems, a performance of terror campaign within such a nation may bring about an apparent problem on whether to uphold its civic liberation and as a consequence run the risk of being recognized as pointless in dealing with the dilemma, or otherwise constrain its communal emancipation and hence risk unjustifiable allegation of sustaining a democratic organization.With this information at hand, it is indeed difficult to fight terrorism since they are usually not well organized or located. They don’t have their own operations bases since they are hiding and do not want to be caught or captured. Terrorism can be carried out by covert individuals, assemblages, or federations, funded by certain organizations, with mysterious orderly strategies and assaults in public places. Interaction may come about via prevailing telecommunications or all the way through conventional means suc h as couriers. Additionally, since revolutionaries who are involved in intimidation are not well organized and are considered to be illegal, they are not taxable and will hardly be taxable.Speaking of illegitimacy, several authorized government characterizations of terrorism put in a condition of unlawfulness to differentiate between proceedings that are certified by bylaws and those of other persons and minor units. Using this decisive factor, events that would otherwise be eligible of terrorism would not be taken into account as terrorism if they were approved by the board. For instance, a terrorist attack in a municipality, which is intended to distress national reinforcement for a basis, would not be regarded as terrorism if it were allowed by a reasonable authority (Cronin, 2003).Shared ideologies among permissible meanings of terrorism offer a rising consensus as to denotation and also promote collaboration between regulation enforcement staff in discrete nation states. Among these delineations, there are quite a few that do not make out the likelihood of   acceptable custom of fierceness   by civilians against an assailant in a dominated nation and would categorize all opposition engagements as terrorist parties. Others create a peculiarity between legally recognized and prohibited exploitation of ferocity. Sanctioned classifications ascertain counter-terrorism documents and are usually made available to act it. Most authority descriptions give a rough idea about the subsequent vital standards such as target, purpose, intention, executor, and authenticity of the feat.Groups carrying out viciousness are also frequently identifiable by a following set of executors. Oftentimes the word terrorism and radicalism are employed as exchangeable. Nevertheless, there is a noteworthy dissimilarity between the two as terrorism is basically a threat or a deed of substantial fierceness, whereas radicalism entails the use of non-physical mechanisms to activate peop le’s attention to realize some ideological occurrences (Kalyvas, 2004). They should have their own definite distinction as to which must be taxable.References:Hans, Kà ¶chler (2002). Terrorism and the Quest for a Just World Order. Manila Lectures. FSJBook World, ISBN 0-9710791-2-9.Cronin, Audrey Kurth (2003) Behind the Curve: Globalization and International Terrorism. International Security, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 40-41.Kalyvas, Stathis (2004) The Paradox of Terrorism in Civil Wars in Journal of Ethics 8:1, p. 137-138.

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Catastrophes and Stress - 2715 Words

Ailen Fernandez PSY 102 April 21, 2013 Jones, Jennifer Catastrophes and Stress American Leader Martin Luther King Jr. once said, â€Å"An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity† (Martin). Luther King believed that in order for us humans to have a meaningful live we must put aside our personal problems and care about the problems of humanity as a whole. The earthquake of Oakland, California in 1989 is a true example of this quote. As the sirens of ambulances roared through the abolished city thousands of civilians gathered together, taking risks, to help those that were in the borderline of life and death. Learned helplessness,†¦show more content†¦Although the Kelly’s admit to survivors guilt based on their own footage it seems like they could have done more to prevent the tragedy that happen when the other car dumped into the whole. The only thing that Debbie and Thomas Kelly did to warn upcoming light wa s to put on their flashing light. Debbie took out her recording camera and started to record the gap between the highway, meantime a car was coming and didn’t see the gap crashed in it. Instead of recording Debbie and Thomas should have tried to grab the attention of the drivers so that they wouldn’t have fallen through the road gap. They now experience survivors’ guilt because they survived not crashing into the road gap when the others did (Amaldo, 2004). Survivors’ guilt has been studied in many situations because it is a psychological disorder that affects individuals that have survived a scarring catastrophe. The Holocaust is one of these catastrophes that have left survivors with a sense of guilt. A study done by Gertrude Schneider upon 50 Holocaust survivors demonstrated that some but not all had a sense of survivors’ guilt (Schneider, 1975). Fourteen of the interviewed victims admitted that they felt bad for â€Å"being passive victimsâ⠂¬  and that they would have â€Å"preferred to have died honorably† (Schneider, 1975). Others said that there was no way that they could have fought back and prevent them from going through that horrible experience of being in the camps (Schneider, 1975).Show MoreRelated Stress And How To Manage It Essay1142 Words   |  5 Pages Stress and How To Manage It Everyone has stress, and we all have different stressors. Each person has their own way of coping with stress. some ignore their problems while others face them head on. There are four types of stressors and we all experience them at some point in our lives. One of these stressors is hassles. Hassles are a part of everyday life, but if they arent coped with, they an cause major problems. One hassle in my life is me being constantly sick all of the time. 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